World Diabetes Day: Why Is It Necessary To Learn About It?
On 14 November every year, the International Diabetes Foundation (IDF) holds its annual national diabetes day to promote actions confronting diabetes as an emerging global health issue.
Let’s understand, what is diabetes. It is a chronic disease that results in high blood glucose or blood sugar levels. These elevated blood sugar levels occur because a diabetic patient cannot make or use enough insulin to deal with their sugar levels naturally.
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you must learn as much about this medical condition as possible because having awareness can help you be proactive about your health. No matter which type you have, education about diabetes is essential because, unlike other diseases, it cannot be controlled by medication alone.
World diabetes day was developed in 1991 to raise diabetes awareness and aims to help people keep blood sugar levels within a healthy range.
Raising Awareness About World Diabetes Day
Now that we know what diabetes is, let’s discuss the three main types of diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes – It is said to be an autoimmune condition, meaning your body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the beta cells in your pancreas that produce insulin. 10% of people with diabetes suffer from type 1, usually diagnosed in children and young adults.
A patient with type 1 needs to take insulin every day, which is also called insulin-dependent diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes – One of the most common types of diabetes; in this type your body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or your body’s cells don’t normally respond to insulin. 90% of people having diabetes suffer from type 2, which usually occurs in middle-aged and older people.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms include the area of darkened skin near the armpits and neck, numbness in the hands or feet, frequent infections, blurred vision, fatigue, etc.
Gestational Diabetes – This type of diabetes is caused by insulin-blocking hormones produced in women during pregnancy. Moreover, about 50% of people diagnosed with gestational diabetes later on develop type 2 diabetes.
Medicine such as Hcqs 400 mg tablet is commonly used to improve blood sugar control in a diabetic patient along with proper diet and other antidiabetic medicine.
What Are The Symptoms And Signs Of Diabetes?
Some of the most common symptoms used to identify diabetes include elevating thirst and hunger, frequent urination, fatigue or drowsiness, blurred vision, dry mouth, numb hands or feet, etc.
Other symptoms include itchy and dry skin, frequent yeast infections, and urinary infections in women. On the other hand, you may find signs of decreased sensual drive, erectile dysfunction, and a decrease in muscle strength in men.
Low sugar symptoms may include sweating, anxiety, fastening of heartbeat, irritability, dizziness, or hunger.
Consider consulting a doctor and checking your blood sugar levels if you see any of the above symptoms.
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Is There A Cure For Diabetes?
With all the research and study on diabetes treatments, there is no such cure for diabetes, neither type 1 nor type 2. However, there are specific treatments, including simple things you can do every day, that can make a difference.
Specific type 1 diabetic patient transplants include pancreas transplants and pancreatic islet transplants. Bariatric surgery is another treatment alternative if you have type 2 diabetes and have obesity.
Risk factors such as family history and race cannot be changed, but there are other factors that you can have control over. Adopting some healthy lifestyle habits mentioned below can help you improve modifiable risk factors to decrease the chances of getting diabetes.
- Consume a healthy diet such as a DASH diet or a Mediterranean diet.
- Work out to achieve a weight that is healthy enough for you.
- Limit alcohol consumption and quit smoking.
- Try getting a sound sleep.
- Try reducing stress-related factors.
- Take proper medications as directed by your doctor.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Why is World Diabetes Day observed on 14 November?
World Diabetes Day became an official United Nations Day in 2006 and is marked every year on 14 November, the birthday of Sir Fredrick Banting who co-discovered insulin with Charles Best in 1922.
Why is World Diabetes Day important?
WDD also known as world diabetes day is essential because it is the world’s largest diabetes awareness campaign reaching a global audience of approx. 1 billion people in 160 countries. Moreover, it promotes the advocacy efforts of the IDF throughout the year and is an international driver to promote concerted actions to confront diabetes as a global health issue.
What is the symbol of diabetes?
The Blue Circle universally symbolizes diabetes. It signifies the unity of the global diabetes community in response to the increasing number of people living with diabetes worldwide.